Explanation of Bulugh Al-Maram:
Hadith number 1279: Thulm (Oppression)
Hadith number 1279:
It is known in Islam that the punishment of a person in the Hereafter is similar to what he committed previously in the life of the Dunya. For instance, if a person has two wives and he mistreats one of them, then on the Day of Judgment he will come leaning on one side.
The Prophet (SalAllahu 'alaihi wassallam) states in these ahadith that oppression will turn into darkness on the Day of Resurrection. The reason for this is when someone oppresses another; he turns the life of another person into darkness. For instance, if one steals someone's $100 000, he changes that person's life into difficulties and gloominess. As a retaliation, on the Day of Judgment, Allah will darken the life of the oppressor for what he did.
The hadith mentions the word taqwa, or fear. Although the word taqwa is usually understood to be the "Fear of Allah", this term has broad meaning. It includes not only fearing Allah, but also fearing Hell-fire, Day of Judgment, and oppression. Therefore, the hadith acts as an admonition against oppression, due to the seriousness of the sin.
"Beware of niggardliness"
Niggardliness is taking that which does not belong to oneself. This refers to material or physical objects. Consequently, niggardliness is a subcategory of oppression. This act was a reason for the nations before us to be destroyed. The Prophet (SalAllahu 'alaihi wassallam) is advising us to learn a lesson so that we will not be destroyed. Allah has promised not to annihilate the whole Muslim ummah, but rather a part of them if they transgress their boundaries. Allah says in the Quran "(The Muslim ummah) is the best nation created." Since this ummah was given many lessons from the past, as well as being the best nation created, if it transgresses the boundaries Allah has set, the punishment will be more severe.
There are many ahadith illustrating the seriousness and prohibition against oppressing others.
*In a hadith qudsi, Allah says, "Oh my servants, I prohibited oppression on myself, therefore don't commit oppression."
Allah, himself, does not oppress, but rather he chose to start with himself to show his servants the graveness of the matter.
*The Prophet (SalAllahu 'alaihi wassallam) said there was once a woman who oppressed a cat, and because of that, she was made to enter hell-fire. Conversely, there was a prostitute who was very thirsty. She saw a well and descended in order to fetch herself some water. On her way up, she noticed a thirsty dog. So she took her shoe and filled it up with water to give to the dog, so as not to oppress it. Because of her kindness, Allah granted her Paradise.
*The Prophet (SalAllahu 'alaihi wassallam) related there was a woman who was pious and a worshipper, but she oppressed her neighbors. She was doomed to Hell because of her oppressive behavior and actions.
Allah gives an oath by His Majesty
and Honor that anyone who is oppressed and invokes Him, He will grant
him victory. There are three people who Allah will never reject their
prayer. They are:
There lived a group of leaders in the Arabian Peninsula known as Barak. Though they were Muslims, they oppressed others and seized the wealth of people. The people living in the area continually made dua against the oppressive leaders. Eventually, the cruel leaders were apprehended. Once they were captured, one of the sons asked his father how they were able to be imprisoned. The father replied that it must have been by the prayer of someone who was oppressed, and therefore, Allah granted him his invocation.
Allah says in the Quran:
The Prophet (SalAllahu 'alaihi wassallam)
There are 2 types of oppression:
A person oppresses himself when:
2) he commits sins. Allah says in the Quran: "Whoever transgresses the boundaries of Allah, he has oppressed himself."