Explanation of Bulugh Al-Maram:
Hadith on Acquiring Money
وعن خولة الانصارية رضى الله عنها قالت, قال رسول الله: <<ان رجالا يتخوضون في مال الله بغير حق, فلهم النار يوم القيامة>>
This hadith was narrated by خولة الانصارية (Khaula Al-ansariya), who was the wife of Hamza, the uncle of the Rasul (salallahu 'alayhe wassallam). In some of the worldly matters, the witness of two women is equal to one man. However, in matters of religion (which are more important), it is only needed one woman to narrate a hadith.
Khaula was a heroic
woman. She fought along with the Sahaba in many battles. Her brother was
apprehended in Persia, so she wore an all-black dress and fought courageously
alongside the Sahaba. No one recognized her but since she fought so daringly,
Khalid bin Waleed, the general of Muslim army, pressed her to release
her identity. In the battle in Syria against the Romans, the Muslim women
were detained so she encouraged other women to fight the enemy by using
tent poles. Khaula died in 35 A.H.
مال الله (Maal-ul-Allah) is divided into two parts:
The مال الله of شرعية includes Muslim treasury or Reserves of an Islamic State.
The مال الله of مكتسبة is mentioned in:
وَآتُوهُم مِّن مَّالِ اللَّهِ الَّذِي آتَاكُمْ
24:33 Give them something yourselves out of the means which Allah has given to you.
The addition of word Allah (مال الله ) is to add honor to the term. Even the money that we acquire through our hard-work belongs to Allah, so we have to spend it in a way that Allah will be pleased with it.
Is attaining money
in the wrong way a major sin?
This hadith teaches one to watch what he spends, since the money is from Allah, and he will be questioned how he spent it.
Our money belongs to Allah. Therefore one cannot say, "It is my money, it is my business how I want to spend it." This is an erroneous statement. Our money is Allah's business because it is from the bounty of Allah. It belongs to Allah and we can only spend it in ways that Allah has permitted.
The Prophet (peace be upon him) mentions the reason by saying wrongfully acquiring money, بغير حق.
Examples of acquiring money wrongfully:
This may include
a leader (or person in authority) who is entrusted with collecting money
for building a masjid, or sending money to orphans, and rather, takes
this money and spends it on something else.
In another hadith narrated by the same woman, she states the Prophet said whoever obtains money from a haram source will be doomed.
In Sahih Al-Bukhari, it is narrated that once Allah's Apostle said, "You people present your cases to me and some of you may be more eloquent and persuasive in presenting their argument. So, if I give someone's right to another (wrongly) because of the latter's (tricky) presentation of the case, I am really giving him a piece of fire; so he should not take it."
What does one do with money obtained in haram?
If a person has taken money that does not belong to him (stealing, for example), he must return the money back to the person that it belongs to. If that person is no longer living then it should be given to his inheritors. If the person can not return it to the owner (because he doesn't know where he resides, etc), then it must be given in sadaqa (charity).
The answer to this is no, IF the person is 100% sure the person will use that money in haram. Rather, he needs to pay that money to charity.
Forbidden money falls into two categories:
حرام لغيره : Imam
Ahmad bin Hanbal states the person that falls under this
حرام لذاته : Everything
that falls under this category is haram, therefore,
Does Hajj count when someone uses money obtained in haram to pay for it?
Imam Hanbal, Malik,
and Abu Haneefa all agree that the hajj does not count, based on the hadith:
Al-Shafaii said the hajj DOES count, since the hajj is a separate transaction than the stolen or haram money. Hajj is not related to the money; therefore, insha'allah the hajj will count.
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