Death is a part of truth despite
our denial. "Wherever you are, Death will find you out, even if ye
are in towers built up strong and high!" [Surah An-Nisaa: 78]
The pagans of Quraish used to believe
that once a person dies, he is not going to be resurrected again.
A pagan came to Rasul (sallahu alaihi wassalam) with decayed bones; he
rubbed them among his fingers until they fell as dirt. In Surah Yaseen,
Allah brings up this subject:
78 And he (pagan) makes comparisons
for us and forgets his own creation: He says "Who can give life to
(dry) bones and decomposed ones (at that)?"
79 Say "He will give them life
Who created them for the first time! For He is well-versed in every kind
The Death comes when the soul leaves
"Allah takes souls at the time of their death and [the souls] of
those that do not die during their sleep. He retains those souls for which
He has ordained death, whereas He releases the rest for an appointed term."
- (Usually) If a person grows up
doing righteous deeds;
- He keeps doing them throughout
- He dies while performing something
- Thus, he is resurrected (on the
Judgment Day) in the position of doing good.
- So if a person spends his life
doing good (with sincerity), in sha Allah, his death will come on goodness.
It is a blessing of Allah because he will be resurrected in the Hereafter
in the state of what he was doing when death came to him. Therefore,
we should spend more and more time in doing righteousness work.
- Similarly, if a person spends his
time spreading wickedness and evil, his death will come on death and
then he will be resurrected on wickedness.
FORGIVENESS BEFORE DEATH:
- Allah forgives a person - Muslim
or non-Muslim- as long as the death doesn't reach his throat. This is
The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wassallam) said: "Allah accepts
the repentance of the servant so long as his spirit has not arrived
at his throat." [At-Tirmidhi]
SEEKING ALLAH'S FORGIVENESS:
- The Prophet of Allah (sallahu 'alaihi
wassallam) said: When any of you completes the last tashahhud of his
prayer, let him seek refuge in Allah from four things, saying, 'O Allah,
verily I seek refuge in you from the punishment of the Hellfire and
the torment of the grave; from the fitnah of life and of death; and
from the evil fitnah of the false messiah. [Muslim]
THE EXPERIENCE OF DEATH:
- Allah says in the Holy Quran: "Every
soul will taste death." [3:185]
THE ANGEL OF DEATH:
- Generally, angels do not come to
a place where there is picture, statue, dog, or a place that is impure
such as bathroom.
However, the Angel of Death, Malik-ul-Maut, is able to go everywhere.
A person may be in the bathroom and if it is the time of his death,
the Angel of Death will come to him. This is because the Angel of Death
is on a special mission so he can enter anywhere.
*The Angel of Death is frequently referred to as Izrael; however, the
authentic sources refer to him as Malik-ul-Maut only.
- The human self-instinct begs for
more time from the Angel of Death:
" A good person needs more time to do more good deeds. No matter
how good he is, he can never saturate his records with good deeds."
- A bad
person needs time to repent.
DILEMMA DURING DEATH:
- At the time of death two things
work hard against the dying person:
1. Nafs (desires)
2. Shaitan (Devil)
- Shaitan is near to a dying person
than ever before. He comes to him and forces him to die as a Jew or
a Christian (or as a disbeliever). This is a very intimidating moment.
May Allah protect us from falling into his traps (amen).
The Prophet (sal allahu alaihi wassallam) said: "Verily Shaitan
comes to you at all circumstances and affairs of your life, even at
the time of eating". [Muslim]
- The son of great Imam, Abdullah
bin Ahmad bin Hanbal, narrates the story of his father's death. Everyone
knows that Imam Ahmad was pious and scholarly. When the death came near
to him, he almost passed out. The people around him were saying, Laa
ilaaha illallaah. However, he kept saying, "No
not yet, not
yet." This worried people around him. When Imam Ahmad came back
to his senses, his son asked him about his statement. Imam Ahmad replied,
Shaitan came to me and said: "Ahmad, you are free (meaning, I have
lost you)!" To this, Imam Ahmad replied "No, not yet, not
yet." Imam Ahmad meant that a person never gets rid of Shaitan
until he dies.
- Al-Qurtubi mentions that a great
number of pious and dependable scholars are known to have witnessed
the presence of Satan at death. He relates that he heard one of his
own respected teachers, Imam Abul-'Abbaas Ahmad bin 'Umar al-Qurtubi,
say, "I visited the brother of our teacher, sheikh Abu Jafar Muhammad
al-Qurtubi at Cordova and found him near death. It was said to him,
'Repeat Laa ilaaha illallaah,', to which he replied, 'No! No!' When
he came to, we mentioned what had occurred. He said, 'Two devils came
to me, one on my left and the other on my right. One of them said, "Die
as a Jew, for verily it is the best of religions," while the other
said, "Die as a Christian, for truly it is the best of religions."
So I answered them saying, "No! No! How dare you say such a thing
- Similar thing happened to Sheikh-ul-Islam,
SUFFERING DURING DEATH:
- Allah says in Quran: "And
the agony of death comes, in truth; that is what you wished to avoid".
The agony of death is called "Sakraat-ul-Maut". The above
verse implies that every dying person must experience some pain and
- Aishah (radhiAllaahu 'anha) related:
[On the occasion of his approaching death], Allah's messenger (sallallaahu
'alaihi wa sallam) had a small vessel of water placed before him. He
began to dip his hands in the water, and wiping his face with them.
He said: There is none worthy of worship except Allah. Indeed death
brings with it agonies! Then he raised his hand up and kept repeating,
'In the most exalted company' until his soul was taken and his hand
fell limp. [Bukhari]
Aishah (radhiAllaahu 'anha) reported: Truly, I saw the messenger of
Allah when death approached him. He had a container with some water
in it into which he dipped his hand and then wiped his face. Then he
said: O Allah! Help me to overcome the agonies of death.
A BELIEVER'S END:
- The soul of a dead person moves
up from the toe towards the head. This happens even if a person is drowned
in the sea or falls from a mountain.
- The messenger of Allah (sallallaahu
'alaihi wa sallam) said: "When the Ruh is taken out, the eyesight
Abu Hurairah (radhiAllaahu 'anhu) reported that the messenger of Allah
(sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) said: "Do you not see that when
a person dies his gaze is fixed intently; that occurs when his eyesight
follows his nafs [as it comes out]." [Muslim]
The Coming of death:
- The Angel of Death comes to the
believer, sits at his head and says, 'O you good soul, come out and
receive your Lord's forgiveness and pleasure.'
- Then the soul flows out effortlessly
just as water flows from the mouth of a waterskin.
- Muslim narrates in a hadith that
when the soul of a believer comes out of its body, two angels [besides
the angel of death] receive it to escort him to the Heavens.
- They bring with them beautiful
clothing from Jannah, some fragrance of musk, a vase from Jannah. Then
they ascend with the soul to Heaven, and they do not pass with it by
any group of angels but they say: What is this good and sweet-smelling
The two angels tell them (he is) "such" the son of "such"
choosing the best of the names he used to be called in this life. Until
they reach the lowest sky, then they ask permission to enter, and they
are granted entry, until they end at the seventh heaven sky, then to
Allah, Exalted and High.
- Allah commands: "Write the
book of my servant in `illiyeen (highness)" [see 83:18], and his
book will be written in `illiyeen.
Then Allah says, "Return him to the earth, for [I promised them]
I have created them from it, and into it I shall return them, and from
it I shall extract (resurrect) them a second time (20:55)".
- So he is returned to earth and
his soul is returned to his body. Thus, he spends time in Barzakh.
A DISBELIEVER'S END:
- Allah says in Quran: "If you
could see when the wrongdoers taste the pangs of death and the angels
stretch their hands out, [saying], 'Deliver up your souls. This day
you will be awarded a degrading punishment.'" [6:93]
The Death is painful for the disbelievers. Although they are ordered
to surrender their souls to the angels, they are unwilling; therefore,
the soul must be forced out as it does not wish to meet its punishment.
The Coming of death:
- According to a hadith: The Angel
of Death says to the disbelieving soul: 'O you foul soul, come out to
the anger and wrath of your Lord.' The soul inside the disbeliever's
body is overcome by terrible fear and does not want to deliver itself
up, whereupon the Angel of Death violently pulls it out like multi-pronged
skewers being yanked out of wet wool - tearing with them the arteries
- When an infidel's soul comes out,
the two angels besides the Angel of Death come to him with (foul-smelling)
fumes of Hell-fire, a rough cloak and a vase from Hell fire. There is
a physical pain for the dying disbeliever as well as a spiritual one.
The dying disbeliever is spanked violently by the angels on his face
- The evil soul is cursed by all
the angels between the earth and the sky and by all the angels in the
sky, and the gates of heaven are closed. There is no gate in the heaven
but its people supplicate that the wicked soul shall not be ascended
to their side], then the angels take it (the soul), not leaving it in
his hand for longer than a blink of an eye until they have placed it
in that sackcloth. And there emanates from it a stench like that of
the most evil smelling corpse on the face of the earth.
Then the angels ascend with the depraved soul, and they do not pass
with it by a group of angels but they will say: What is this wicked
- Then they shall say to them (he
is) "such" the son of "such" choosing the most hated
of the names he used to be called in this life. For instance, Abu Jahl
(Father of Ignorance) whose actual name was 'Umar would have been called
as Abu Jahl by the angels despite its offensiveness.
- Until the angels reach the lowest
heaven (sky), then they ask permission to enter, but they are not granted
entry because of the evil soul with them.
- Then Allah, Exalted and High, say:
"Write the book of my servant in sijjeen (2)(83:7) in the lowest
earth". Then the evil soul is taken away [from the sky] with a
mighty hurl until it is cast into his body. Then his soul will be returned
into his body.
The end of the People of Lot:
- While the believing soul reaches
up to the highest Heaven, the evil soul is unable to get to the lowest
one. This is because the gates of Heavens do not open for the disbelievers
and when they reach there, their souls are violently tossed back to
- The people of Lot were evil ones.
The committed the crime of homosexuality. When the punishment of Allah
came on them, an angel took their entire town on its one wing and rose
up and up. The people were still alive on that piece of land, so their
crying and screaming echoed deafeningly. When the angel reached the
first Heaven, the gates of Heaven refused to be opened for these evil
ones. At that instant, the angel turned the entire town (with people
in it) upside.
- This is a forbidding lesson for
us. Not only the homosexuals were destroyed but also those who encouraged
them were destroyed as well such as the wife of Prophet Lot. May Allah
protect us from being homosexuals or being their supporters and sympathizers
IN THE GRAVE:
- The Believing Servant of Allah:
Two angels come to the dead in the grave. They are scary and sit him
up next to them and ask him:
"Who is your Lord?"
He replies "My Lord is Allah". (This is the answer of believing
servant; however, a kafir or a hypocrite is unable to answer this.)
Then they ask him: "What is your religion?"
A believer answers them: "My religion is Islam". (A kafir
or a hypocrite is unable to answer this.)
Then they ask him "Who is this man who was sent among you?"
He replies "He is the Messenger of Allah (salla Allahu alaihi wa
sallam) peace be upon him". (This is the answer of believing servant;
however, a kafir or a hypocrite is unable to answer this.)
This will be the last trial on earth for the believer, it is then when
Allah says : "Allah will establish in strength those who believe
with the word that stands firm in this world", so he will answer
my Lord is Allah, my religion is Islam and my Prophet is Mohammad (salla
Allahu alaihi wa sallam).
Then a caller will call from the sky: "My slave has spoken the
truth, so spread out for him from the heaven, and clothe him from the
heaven, and open a door for him from the heaven (within his grave)",
so it's goodness and its smell will come unto him
His grave is widened for him to the extent of seventy cubits by seventy,
then it is made light for him, then it is said: ' Sleep.' So he says:
'I should go to my family and inform them.' So they say: 'Sleep as the
newly married sleeps whom no-one awakes except his favorite wife' Until
Allah raises him up from that place of sleep.
Then a man will come to him. His face will be handsome, and his clothes
will be handsome, and his smell will be sweet. Then he shall say unto
him: I bring you glad tidings of that which will make you happy [Rejoice
with a pleasure of Allah and delights that endure]. This is the day
that you were promised (46:16).
Then he will say [and may Allah give you glad tiding] "Who are
you?, for your face is the face of someone who comes with good news".
He shall reply: "I am your good deeds, [by Allah, I did not know
of you but that you were quick to the obedience of Allah and slow to
His disobedience, so may Allah reward you good]".
Then he shall say: "My Lord bring the hour so that I might return
to my family and my wealth" [it will be said to him "be tranquil"].
- The Disbelieving Servant:
The Messenger of Allah (salla Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said: Verily
he will hear the footsteps of his friends who buried him when they leave
him]. Then two harsh severe and fearsome angels shall come and [terrify
him and] sit him up and shall ask him:
"Who is your Lord?"
He shall reply "Huh? Huh (this is an expression of sorrow), I don't
Then they shall ask him: "What is your religion?"
He shall answer them: "Huh? Huh? I don't know".
Then they shall ask him "Who is this man who was sent among you?".
He will reply "Huh? Huh? I don't know [I heard people saying this
Then a caller will call from the sky: "My slave has spoken falsely,
so spread out for him from the hell fire, and open a door for him from
the hell fire (within his grave)", so its heat and hot wind will
come unto him, then his grave will be contracted upon him until his
limbs are caught up among one another.
Then a man will come to him. His face will be ugly, and his clothes
will be ugly, and his smell will be vile. Then he shall say unto him:
I bring you tidings of that which will harm you. This is the day that
you were promised (70:44).
Then he will say, "Who are you? Your face is the face of someone
who comes with evil".
He shall reply: "I am your evil deeds. By Allah, I did not know
of you but that you were quick to the disobedience of Allah and slow
to His obedience, so may Allah reward you bad."
Then it will be said to him, 'Look at your place in the Hell-Fire. Allah
has changed for you a place in Paradise instead of it.'
The Prophet (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) said, "The dead person
will see both his places and then will be assigned to him a blind, deaf
and mute person who holds in his hand a hammer, if a mountain is hit
with it, it would disintegrate, and he will beat him with it until he
becomes dust, and then Allah will render him to his initial form, and
he will beat him again, and he (the wicked) will cry of sorrow and pain
a cry that will be heard by all creatures except humans and jinn, and
a door of hell will be opened unto him within his grave and will spread
out for him sheets of hell fire."
Then he will say: "My Lord do not bring the hour".
[Ahmad, Abu Dawud]
THE PUNISHMENT OF GRAVE:
- Some of the believers are also
punished in the grave.
Ibn Abbas (Radiya Allahu `anhuma) says that the Messenger of Allah,
salla Allahu alaihi wa sallam, once, while passing by two graves, remarked:
The inmates of these two graves are being tortured not for any serious
sins, but in fact they are serious sins. One of them used to carry tales
and the other used not to wash when urinating. [Bukhari and Muslim]
The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) said, "Everyone
who dies - then his actions are sealed except for the one guarding the
border in the way of Allah - his actions continue to increase for him
until the Day of Resurrection and he is saved from the trials of the
Grave." [ Abu Dawud]
The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) said, "Verily
the grave is the first stopping place for the Hereafter; so if he is
saved therein, then what comes after is easier than it. And if he is
not saved there from, then that which comes after is harder." [Hasan:
SEEKING ALLAH'S REFUGE:
- The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu
'alaihi wa sallam) said, "Seek Allah's protection from the Punishment
of the Grave, since punishment of the Grave is a fact/true." [At-Tabraanee]
- The punishment in the grave is
a compensation for a person's sins in the world. A believer is mostly
punished in the grave so that he does not have to suffer on the Day
of Judgment. However, we should always seek refuge from the trials of
the grave as the Prophet (salla Allahu alaihi wassalllam) did.
- Reciting Surat-ul-Mulk at night
will also protect one from punishment of the grave, in sha Allah.