Shirk can be in Ruboobiyyah, Asma wa Sifaat, and Uloohiyyah
Shirk in Ruboobiyyah
(Pharaoh) said: "And what is the Lord of the 'Alamîn (mankind,
jinns and all that exists)?" (26:23)
This resembles the beliefs of those who merge philosophy with Islam and claim that the universe was old and created itself. By this they deny the existence of Allah (azza wajal) and it is of the biggest of Kufur. With this belief one:
A prime example of this is Ibn Araby who believed in the universality of the world. In his poem he says "Al3abd rabb warabbu abd fa ya layta shi'ree man huwal ma'bood.." Meaning, "The slave is the lord and the lord is the slave so how I wish I that I knew who was to be worshipped."
Shirk in Asma and Sifat
There are two kinds:
1] Shirk in the Names
This is done by taking the names of Allah and applying the name to other things they worship. For example, the name 'Uza from alAzeez, Manat from Almanat, Al-lat from Allah.
2] Shirk Al
Whoever worships something like
that worships statues concocted in his brain through the faculties of
"And of mankind are some who take (for worship) others besides Allâh as rivals (to Allâh). They love them as they love Allâh. But those who believe, love Allâh more (than anything else). If only, those who do wrong could see, when they will see the torment, that all power belongs to Allâh and that Allâh is Severe in punishment." (2:165)
For those who committed shirk by
making others equal to Allah (azza wajal), this is what they say in
"By Allâh, we were truly in a manifest error.."(26:97)
Every love has hope and fear and we know that the more love and fear there is the more it has control of the heart. Shirk in love here refers to that kind of love that worships. It is a love that has humility, hope and fear directed at that whom you love.
Other kinds of love
These all occur naturally.
Shirk in Fear
fear not men but fear Me.." (5:44)
What must be noted here is that although it is not a shirk form of fear here, the more ones Iman is stronger the more fearful he is of Allah (azza wajal), while the least he is fearful of other creations even if certain circumstances may be brought upon with that creation's means.
3) Shirk in
Rajaa' - hope
For example, those who have hope
in the dead by calling on the dead to do good for them or to refrain
them from doing bad to the them. This applies to someone who is not
around as well. For example, to call on one's sheikh who is ten thousand
miles away to aid him in his problem, "Oh sheikh so and so, please
facilitate food for my son's waleemah!"
The raja of Ibadah has conditions, of them are: to be low, to be humble and to have humility in that one you have hope in. This can also be referred to as secret hope, such as hoping for victory against one's enemies or hope to have a blessed life. Likewise when one hopes that a mechanic fixes one's car or that one is given a loan, these are not shirk.
(Hub), Hope (Rajaa), and Fear (Khoof)
"All the praises and thanks be to Allâh, the Lord of the 'Alamîn (mankind, jinns and all that exists)." (1:2)
This ayah indicates that we should
place our love of Allah in praises and gratitude for His dominion is
all of His creations.
"The Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful." (1:3)
This ayah tells us to place our
hope in Allah for His beneficence is unmatched and His mercy is endless.
"The Only Owner (and the Only Ruling Judge) of the Day of Recompense (i.e. the Day of Resurrection). (1:4)
We fear Allah as that inevitable day when our books will be taken into account and it is only from Allah that we will be judged.
To have love for Allah (azza wajal) alone is from the Sufi. They believe that to have love of Allah (azza wajal) alone is the key to paradise, that we should not even love Jannah or love to acquire a place in Jannah because it pollutes our love of Allah (azza wajal). They claim that to do actions of good deeds for the sake of Allah (azza wajal) should never be motivated by fear because anything motivated by fear lacks sincerity. But this is from falsehood because Allah (azza wajal) Himself commands us to fear Him and to hope in His reward in the Hereafter. (alGhazali's al maqsad al asna fi sharh asma Allah al husna)
Sufis say: "I don't worship
fear of him but love
If one worships Allah (azza wajal) with khoof (fear) by itself, this is from the belief of the Haroory.
If one worships Allah (azza wajal) with rajaa (hope) by itself, this is from the belief of the murj'
If one worships Allah (azza wajal) with all three - love, hope and fear, then this is from the belief of ahlus Sunnah wal Jama'ah.
"And invoke not besides Allâh, any that will neither profit you, nor hurt you, but if (in case) you did so, you shall certainly be one of the Zâlimûn (polytheists and wrong-doers)." (10:106)
"And those, whom you invoke or call upon instead of Him, own not even a Qitmîr (the thin membrane over the datestone)." (35:13)
Allah (azza wajal) called it kufur.
"And whoever invokes (or worships), besides Allâh, any other ilâh (god), of whom he has no proof, then his reckoning is only with his Lord. Surely! Al-Kâfirûn (the disbelievers in Allâh and in the Oneness of Allâh, polytheists, pagans, idolaters, etc.) will not be successful." (23:117)
Allah (azza wajal) called them
liars and kafiroon.
"Surely, the religion (i.e. the worship and the obedience) is for Allâh only. And those who take Auliyâ' (protectors and helpers) besides Him (say): "We worship them only that they may bring us near to Allâh." Verily, Allâh will judge between them concerning that wherein they differ. Truly, Allâh guides not him who is a liar, and a disbeliever." (39:3)
Allah (azza wajal) has shown us that the one a person chooses to call upon besides Allah (azza wajal) cannot help that person in anything. The people who commit shirk have nothing, not even a thin skin that surrounds the date seed.
This kind of shirk has become popular and the mushrikeen of the past and present fall into the same trap.
Today, it is common to find by grave yards people uttering words such as "Oh so and so, give me such and such." They ask for shifa3a (intercession) or they ask for aid in uplifting their misery. Whoever does this is a mushrik kafer for that person has committed shirk akbar.
Some common dua'a of those who commit shirk in their dua'a is saying "Madad, madad Ya Hussein", Ya ibn Alwan, Ya Nafseesah, Ya Abdelkader Jailany. Ya Dasooky, Ya badawy, etc. Meaning, "more strength and power oh Hussein" and so on.
If one calls on a living person to do something within his human capabilities it is permissible. For instance, asking a close friend to fix a car, or for a loan, or to be rescued from some apparent mishap, these are all acceptable. They are acceptable because the person who can help the other is alive, is capable of helping and the means of being helped and helping is apparent.
Copyright © 2003 - 2005 AhmadJibril.com -All Rights Reserved