5) Shirk in Isti3anah (ask aid
It is only from Allah (azza wajal)
we make these general dua'a to.
"You (Alone) we worship, and You (Alone) we ask for help (for each and everything)." (1:5)
However, if we ask the help of someone who is alive and is capable of helping us, this is not shirk. For instance, asking an employer for a raise, asking a neighbor for a loan, etc..
6) Shirk in Istigatha
Allah reiterates the help can only
come from Allah in these situations as He says,
"(Remember) when you sought help of your Lord and He answered you (saying): "I will help you with a thousand of the angels each behind the other (following one another) in succession." 8:9
If one asks for help in these situations
from another person who is able to help them in the situation, then
this is permissible. For example, the Jew asked Prophet Musa (alayhi
salam) for help.
"And he entered the city at a time of unawareness of its people, and he found there two men fighting, - one of his party (his religion - from the Children of Israel), and the other of his foes. The man of his (own) party asked him for help against his foe, so Musa (Moses) struck him with his fist and killed him. He said: "This is of Shaitan's (Satan) doing, verily, he is a plain misleading enemy." 28:15
Shirk in Isti3atha
"I seek refuge with (Allah) the Lord of the daybreak," 113:1
Seeking refuge only in Allah in general is the rule. However, if one seeks refuge and specifies that the other person is able to help, then it is permissible to seek refuge in someone other than Allah. This is true ONLY if that other has the capability to resolve the situation. For instance, if a man has a bad son, a person can seek refuge in the son's father in order for the son to stop his evil behavior. As long as situations are under the person's control, it is permissible to seek refuge in them in these matters. With this we can derive the opposite in that it is shirk to seek refuge in the dead.
8) Shirk in Ruqyah
If one does ruqyah by the names
of the angels, prophets or jinns, this is considered shirk. Bida'a is
committed if one believes he must recite for instance surah Yasin 70
times in order to cure the sick because the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi
wa sallam) never did that.
Ruqyah is three kinds:
b) Shirk in Ruqyah.
c) Shirk which is a bida'a.
9) Shirk in Riyaa'
There are two categories of people who fall into this.
desires the life of the world and its glitter; to them We shall pay
in full (the wages of) their deeds therein, and they will have no diminution
therein. " 11:15
If a Muslim does Hajj for money,
he studies to get money, migrates for dunya or women, or guards his
prayer because he is an employee of the masjid, this is shirk asghar
and takes away the reward of the deed that he did.
desires the life of the world and its glitter; to them We shall pay
in full (the wages of) their deeds therein, and they will have no diminution
therein. " 11:15
There are some who do deeds for Allah's sake then does other deeds for worldly gain. He does ordain the deed for Allah (azza wajal) and does hajj for Allah (azza wajal) at first, but does a 2nd hajj for wordly gain. Allah makes no mention about these deeds, the scholars say they are rewarded according to which intention is heavier in their hearts.
10) Shirk in Barakah
If one believes that trees have barakah in itself, this is shirk akbar. If one believes that graves have barakah in itself, this is shirk akbar. And so on..
But, if one believes that a grave is a reason for them to get barakah from Allah, not that the grave in itself has barakah, this is shirk asghar.
One can say "BarakAllahu feek" to a Saeed for organizing a class and this is not shirk in barakah because it is out of Saeed's barakah that the class is taking place online or in a classroom. But if one says "It is because of Saeed's barakah that there is snow outside" then this is shirk in barakah because Saeed does not produce the snow nor can he do anything for snow to fall from the sky.
Proof: The prophet (sallallahu alayhi
wa sallam) was in battle when he did not want to leave a neckless of
Aisha that was lost. He sent everyone looking for it, but no one found
Abad bin Bisher said to Aisha and the family of Abu Bakr "This is not the first time we get something good from your barakah after something bad happens. We were delayed because of you and our water ran out. Now, look we have tayamum." (Bukhari & Muslim)
This story has many unique things to it:
Abu Waked alLaithy narrates that in Hunayn they were new Muslims having left the ways of shirk. They passed by a tree and saw some mushrikeen worshipping a tree called Anwar. Abu Waked and others asked the prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) "Oh Prophet! Make us one like them!" The prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) became angry and told us that was what Bani Israil told Musa (alayhi salam), and Musa told them "inkm koum tajhaloon" (We want a tree like them to get barakah from them. The Sahabah did not commit shirk, as understandably they were new to Islam and it was asked out of ignorance.
11) Shirk in Nather
If nather is to be done, nather
should only be for worshipping Allah.
"And whatever you spend for spendings (e.g., in Sadaqah - charity, etc. for Allah's Cause) or whatever vow you make, be sure Allah knows it all. And for the Zalimun (wrong-doers, etc.) there are no helpers." 2:270
Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said:"Whoever makes a vow to obey Allah then He shoud obey Him, and whoever makes a vow for something which is in disobedience to Allah then let him not carry that vow out." (Bukhari)
Committing shirk in nather refers to one making this commitment to other than Allah, seeking to be close to him and to hope good from him. For instance, those who make commitment to a grave to do things they need or to those who are dead. It is common in the middle east to say "Ya saidy badawy if my sickness gets cured I will give so and so or sacrifice for you." This is shirk in nather.
Some scholars say Nather is makrooh because one ransoms himself with something he does not have to. While some scholars say that it is haram. The prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said:"Nather never brings any good, it is only forces the cheap person to spend out."
People might begin to believe that nather is what rectified his situation and not Allah (azza wajal).
If one does nather, one has to fulfill
the conditions one places upon himself and carry it out. The prophet
(sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said: "If you make a commitment to
obey Allah, then obey Him."
" They (are those who) fulfill (their) vows, and they fear a Day whose evil will be wide-spreading." 76:7
13) Shirk adh-Thabh
(O Muhammad): "Verily, my Salat (prayer), my sacrifice, my living,
and my dying are for Allah, the Lord of the 'Alamin (mankind, jinns
and all that exists)." 6:162
"Therefore turn in prayer to your Lord and sacrifice (to Him only)." 108:2
The prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said: "May Allah curse the one who sacrificed for other than Allah."
14) Shirk in Tawbah
"And those who, when they have committed Fahishah (illegal sexual intercourse etc.) or wronged themselves with evil, remember Allah and ask forgiveness for their sins; - and none can forgive sins but Allah - And do not persist in what (wrong) they have done, while they know." 3:135
In musnad Ahmad there was prisoner
who was brought to prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam). He said: "Oh
Allah I repent to you and not to Muhammad." The prophet (sallallahu
alayhi wa sallam) said: "He knows who to give the right to."
they will not receive admonition unless Allah wills; He (Allah) is the
One, deserving that mankind should be afraid of, and should be dutiful
to Him, and should not take any Ilah (God) along with Him, and He is
the One Who forgives (sins)."74:56
If one asks another for forgiveness because he has committed an offense against the other, this is correct. One may even say "Oh Allah please forgive me. Oh so and so please forgive me." This is acceptable. This was the case when Aisha (ra) brought in pictures and the prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) became angry and took it out. She said "atoob ila allah wa ila rasool allah" "Oh Allah I repent to you and I repent to the prophet of Allah. (because she made him angry)"
15) Shirk at-ta3ah
By these actions, the person has
taken another lord other than Allah (azza wajal). Making the haram and
halal is a characteristic ONLY of Allah (azza wajal).
"Or have they partners with Allah (false gods), who have instituted for them a religion which Allah has not allowed. And had it not been for a decisive Word (gone forth already), the matter would have been judged between them. And verily, for the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers), there is a painful torment. "42:21
Ahmad narrated that the prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) when he recited "They took their priests as lords instead of Allah" Adiy bin hatem, who used to be Christian, said "We do not worship our scholars." The prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) asked him: "Do they not make haram halal and you obey them? Do they not make halal haram and you make it haram?" He said: "Yes." The Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) told him listening to them in haram and halal is worshipping them in other than Allah (azza wajal).
This rule could be applied to obeying scholars, presidents, employers etc when they say wine is halal and he therefore believes it halal, when they say zina is halal and he therefore believes it is halal.
**IF a person thinks that a certain issue is haram but he obeyed the other for the sake of his position or wealth, he is not a mushrik but a sinner.
19) Shirk in Tawaf
For example, to walk around the
grave of the prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) (as they would do
around the ka3abah) in order to draw spiritual closeness to him, to
walk around the grave of someone's "sheikh" (as they would
do around the ka3abah) in order to draw spiritual closeness to him,
or to walk around a wife's grave (as they would do around the ka3abah)
in order to draw spiritual closeness to her. This is considered shirk
akbar because the person is making tawaf to other than Allah (azza wajal).
"Then let them complete the prescribed duties (Manasik of Hajj) for them, and perform their vows, and circumambulate the Ancient House (the Ka'bah at Makkah)." 22:29
Tawaf is only for the ka3abah and no other. However, if one makes tawaf around a grave in order to "be closer to Allah" this is considered an innovation and the person guilty of this is called a mubtad3, not a mushrik.
20) Shirk in Sujood
There are many more ways to show respect to someone besides prostrating to them. For this reason, the act of sujood itself carries the meaning of worshipping and is a worship directed to the one that is prostrated to.
Scholars say that making sujood to other than Allah is shirk and takes one out of Islam. Those who make sujood and and those that sujood is made for are all mushrikeen. The one who made sujood committed shirk and the ones who accepted the sujood accepted that they were worshipped like Allah (azza wajal).
21) Shirk in Rukoo3
"O you who believe! Bow down, and prostrate yourselves, and worship your Lord and do good that you may be successful." 22:77
Sujood in the following ayah is
interpreted as rukoo3.
"And (remember) when We said: "Enter this town (Jerusalem) and eat bountifully therein with pleasure and delight wherever you wish, and enter the gate in prostration (or bowing with humility) and say: 'Forgive us,' and We shall forgive you your sins and shall increase (reward) for the good-doers." 2:58
22) Shirk al Halq (Shaving Heads)
23) Shirk at-Tawakul
"Two men of those who feared (Allah and) on whom Allah had bestowed His Grace [they were Yusha' (Joshua) and Kalab (Caleb)] said: "Assault them through the gate, for when you are in, victory will be yours, and put your trust in Allah if you are believers indeed." 5:23
Again, if one depends on someone who is able to help them such as fixing a car, etc.. this is not shirk. But if one depends on someone who is able to help them but neglects to believe that true help comes only from Allah, it becomes shirk asghar because the heart leans and depends on the other.
Identical to the issue of shirk in Raja, except this is in a more physical sense where as raja is an internal sense.
24) Shirk in Siher
The proof on their kufr:
"They followed what the Shayatin (devils) gave out (falsely of the magic) in the lifetime of Sulaiman (Solomon). Sulaiman did not disbelieve, but the Shayatin (devils) disbelieved, teaching men magic and such things that came down at Babylon to the two angels, Harut and Marut, but neither of these two (angels) taught anyone (such things) till they had said, "We are only for trial, so disbelieve not (by learning this magic from us)." And from these (angels) people learn that by which they cause separation between man and his wife, but they could not thus harm anyone except by Allah's Leave. And they learn that which harms them and profits them not. And indeed they knew that the buyers of it (magic) would have no share in the Hereafter. And how bad indeed was that for which they sold their ownselves, if they but knew." 2:102
Differences of opinion:
1) Imam Malik, Ahmad, Abu Hanifah state that those who commit siher are kafir, have fallen out of the fold of Islam, by dealing with the shayateen.
2) Whoever does this is a kafir unless the siher is by medicine. Imam Shafi' says one who commits siher must be asked what kind of siher he does. If the person deals with jinns, he is a kafir. If he uses medicine and the person behaves in a strange way due to the medicine. This is not shirk. If he says it is halal, he is a kafir. If not, he is a kabeerah.
The Jumhoor all agree that siher
is not siher unless one contacts the shayateen.
How do those who do siher fall into shirk?
"Say: "None in the heavens and the earth knows the Ghaib (unseen) except Allah, nor can they perceive when they shall be resurrected." 27:65
Does a Saher's repentance get
Is Siher true or something from
The evidence for this:
"Musa (Moses)] said: "Nay, throw you (first)!" Then behold, their ropes and their sticks, by their magic, appeared to him as though they moved fast." 20:66
The prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) was and is still accused of being delusional in the revelation of the Qur'an. However, these delusions he had when siher was attempted on him was related to matters of this life, and it did not concern Allah's revelation. It was a sickness like any other sickness. We know that in matters of Allah's revelation and Allah's ordainments, the prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) did not make mistakes other than if he did it was to purposely teach us (praying 2 raka'at when it was supposed to be 4, Allah made him forget it to teach us "sajd sahw")
How does one cure siher?
The cure is to turn to Allah (azza wajal) through recitation of the Qur'an and certain dua'a. There are many cures for siher. One of them is using seven papers from a certain type of tree in madinah called As-Sigr that the sahabah used to use. These papers are placed inside a container of water and one recites Qur'an over them.
Verses from Surah Taha:
which they have made is only a magician's trick, and the magician will
never be successful, no matter whatever amount (of skill) he may attain."
Four verses from Surah Taha:
you have (a promise from Us) that you will never be hungry therein nor
naked. And you (will) suffer not from thirst therein nor from the sun's
heat. Then Shaitan (Satan) whispered to him, saying : "O Adam!
Shall I lead you to the Tree of Eternity and to a kingdom that will
never waste away?" Then they both ate of the tree, and so their
private parts appeared to them, and they began to stick on themselves
the leaves from Paradise for their covering. Thus did Adam disobey his
Lord, so he went astray.
Two verses from Surah Yunus:
Musa (Moses) said: "What you have brought is sorcery, Allah will
surely make it of no effect. And Allah will establish and make apparent
the truth by His Words, however much the Mujrimun (criminals, disbelievers,
polytheists, sinners, etc.) may hate it." 10:81-82
" Allah! La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the Ever Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists. Neither slumber, nor sleep overtake Him. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on earth. Who is he that can intercede with Him except with His Permission? He knows what happens to them (His creatures) in this world, and what will happen to them in the Hereafter . And they will never compass anything of His Knowledge except that which He wills. His Kursi extends over the heavens and the earth, and He feels no fatigue in guarding and preserving them. And He is the Most High, the Most Great. [This Verse 2:255 is called Ayat-ul-Kursi.]"
Last three Surahs:
(O Muhammad ): "He is Allah, (the) One.
"I seek refuge with (Allah) the Lord of the daybreak,
"I seek refuge with (Allah) the Lord of mankind,
Plenty of Dua'a.
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